2) promote volunteering as an extracurricular activity that complements a student`s university studies and is not a mandatory part of their course. Since the establishment of the university itself in 1909, it has grown considerably and is today one of the largest employers in the region, although it is smaller than the nearby University of the West of England in terms of student numbers.  He is a member of the Russell Group of British research universities, the Coimbra Group of leading European universities and the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN). After the establishment of University College in 1876, public aid began in 1889. Funding through mergers with Bristol Medical School in 1893 and Merchant Venturers` Technical College in 1909 allowed for the opening of a new medical school and engineering school, two subjects that remain one of the university`s greatest strengths. In 1908, gifts from the Fry and Wills families, particularly £100,000 by Henry Overton Wills III (6 million pounds in silver today), were made available to establish a university for Bristol and the West of England, provided that a royal charter could be obtained within two years. In December 1909, the King gave such a charter and built the University of Bristol.  Henry Wills became its first Chancellor and Conwy Lloyd Morgan the first Vice-Chancellor.  Wills died in 1911 and, in honor of his sons George and Harry, he built the Wills Memorial Building, which began in 1913 and finally ended in 1925.  Today, it houses part of the academic care for earth sciences and law, and graduation ceremonies are held in its Great Hall. The Wills Memorial Building is listed as a historic landmark.
 One of the few study centres for the deaf in the UK was established in Bristol in 1981, followed in 1988 by the Norah Fry Centre for Research on Learning Difficulties. Also in 1988 and again in 2004, the General Assembly of the Students` Association voted to distance itself from the National Union of Students (NEI). But on both occasions, the referendum that followed overturned that decision and Bristol remains affiliated with the NEI. Due to the increase in the number of doctoral students (including the number of master`s degrees), a need for separate representation in university bodies was finally created and the Postgraduate Union (PGU) was created in 2000.  Universities increasingly expect to use the intellectual property generated by their research activities, and in 2000 Bristol founded the Division of Research and Enterprise (RED) to support this concern (particularly for technology-based businesses). . . .